Pieter Bruegel the Elder

Bruegel the Elder is one of the most influential and famous artists of all time. His works have influenced the development of modern art. The artist was born in 1653 and lived until 1700. His paintings depict subjects such as the landscape, animals, and people. His paintings are known for their use of color, shape, and form.

Pieter Bruegel the Elder

Early life

Bruegel’s early life is a mystery. He was born in the Netherlands in 1525 or 1530. He is thought to have come from a peasant family. He spent his first years in Antwerp. He studied under Pieter Coecke van Aelst. After his master died, Bruegel left for Rome. He met Michelangelo and other Italian artists. He became a popular artist, and his works have remained influential for centuries.

He was known for his innovative choice of subject matter. His paintings, especially his landscapes, were unique for the time. He depicted nature and people’s helplessness in the face of nature. He used bright pure pigment to paint his genre pictures. He also painted religious allegories in the style of Hieronymus Bosch. His subjects ranged from Biblical scenes to mythological portrayals. He painted social satire as well. He liked to paint small figures in large spaces. He often used S-curves in his compositions.

His earliest surviving works are landscapes. He later treated peasant themes. He had a constant flow of commissions. His most famous paintings are the series of the Months. He painted these in 1565. They are based on earlier calendar illustrations in Books of Hours in the International Gothic style. They were also influenced by Raphael’s Acts of the Apostles tapestry.

Bruegel’s art was a major influence on contemporary developments. His landscapes are almost unparalleled in European art. His paintings formed an epic about human helplessness in the face of nature. He gained great success in a short period of time. He had many commissions from the Flemish aristocracy. During his last four years of life, he painted peasant celebrations. This includes the Peasant Wedding Feast, which was painted in sympathy for country folk. It was completed in around 1640.

His works are preserved in several museums. Twelve of his paintings are in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. His tomb in Antwerp contains an inscription that is believed to be a reference to Ortelius of Antwerp. He has a son and a daughter who were both artists. He is considered to be one of the greatest artists of the Northern Renaissance.


Bruegel the Elder’s paintings depict life in the Renaissance period. The paintings are a blend of landscape, figures and story. His paintings are considered very influential and are still revered today.

Bruegel’s earliest surviving works include sketches of the Italian scenery. He traveled to Rome and Sicily in the 1550s. He later returned to Antwerp. His earliest paintings were mainly landscapes. The paintings were inspired by the woodcuts of Titian.

Bruegel’s landscapes are almost incomparable to other European art. He used a high viewpoint to give his panoramas a sense of universality. He also incorporated buildings, water, and other elements into his designs. He developed a style that emphasized realism and atmosphere. He also avoided the aesthetic structure of his time.

He painted a number of religious scenes. He also depicted a variety of figures, including blind people and children. He was a very skilled draughtsman and printmaker. He drew from popular proverbs and translated them into a pictorial form. He often used the biblical story of the Tower of Babel to express his message. He also had an unusually large output of commissions. These were mostly from the Flemish aristocracy.

Bruegel’s paintings also depict the peasant lifestyle. He often drew from his observations of peasants and children, as well as from his travels to Italy. He was a pioneer in the use of landscapes in large paintings.

Some of his best known paintings were made in his last decade of life. He had a huge reputation and was very successful in his short time. He remained in Antwerp until 1563. After that, he moved to Brussels. His last painting is a Magpie on the Gallows, a fusion of various elements of his work. He died on September 9, 1569.

The painting is on public display at the Museo del Prado in Madrid. There is a symposium on Bruegel the Elder’s painting on October 2 to 4. It is part of a broader exhibition on the creative process. The event is organized by Elke Oberthaler.

A Bruegel the Elder painting can be worth millions of dollars. In recent years, Old Master paintings have been considered among the most successful investments in the past few decades.

Influence on modern art

Bruegel is one of the most important Dutch Renaissance painters. His landscapes are almost unmatched in European art. His compositions often use diagonal lines and S-curves, and his figures are amplified. He was independent of the dominant artistic interests of his day.

Although his work is known for its depiction of the natural world, Bruegel also embraced Humanist ideals. Bruegel was on friendly terms with prominent humanists in the Netherlands. His work is still considered to be a pioneer in genre painting.

Bruegel’s most famous works are his series of the Months. The series of the Months is a group of paintings that document agricultural tasks, social life, and weather. In 1565, Bruegel completed the series. They are based on early calendar illustrations in Books of Hours in the International Gothic style.

He began to exhibit his work in Antwerp, the capital of the Netherlands. His style became influential in the Low Countries. He was a collaborator with Peter Paul Rubens on a number of works. He was influenced by Raphael’s Acts of the Apostles tapestry.

Bruegel’s first surviving works are two sketches of Italian scenery, dated 1552. He is credited with being the first painter to make landscapes the focus of a large painting. He returned to Antwerp in 1555. In the next few years, he traveled to Sicily, Italy, and France.

In the Netherlands, Bruegel was on good terms with prominent humanists such as Abraham Ortelius and Christoph Plantin. His paintings provide insight into man’s relationship with nature. In addition to his oeuvre of paintings, Bruegel was a prolific draftsman. He created engravings as well.

Bruegel also painted the Conversion of Paul and the Sermon of St. John the Baptist. He also produced many paintings involving religious satire. Despite his artistic success, Bruegel was killed by an assassin in Brussels in 1569. His tomb is decorated with an inscription that has been interpreted as being based on Ortelius of Antwerp.

The influence of Bruegel on modern art is a topic of interest to scholars. Bruegel’s “Seasons” series, painted in 1565, is a classic example of the artist’s ability to depict the seasons. His depiction of peasants in daily activities is particularly notable.


Bruegel the Elder was a Flemish Renaissance painter, print designer and draughtsman. His paintings, particularly his landscapes, are almost without parallel in European art. His work reveals the atmosphere and life of the peasantry in rural Flanders. Pieter Bruegel the Elder’s legacy is still felt today in Antwerp, the city where he lived and worked. He died in 1569.

The paintings of Bruegel the Elder are distinguished by their lyrical style and clarity of design. Their motifs include peasants dancing, rhythms of dance and patterns of movement. They are also noted for their depiction of harsh winters. His style is marked by diagonal lines and S-curves.

In his paintings, Bruegel sought to highlight the activities of the peasants, eschewing allegories and biblical allusions. He drew his inspiration from travels south of the Alps. His style was influenced by works by artists such as Michelangelo, Raphael and Giulio Clovio. The Flemish master was closely connected with prominent humanists in the Netherlands, including Abraham Ortelius and Christoph Plantin.

Bruegel the Elder died in Brussels. His son, Jan Bruegel, painted dozens of copies of his drawings after his death.

He is best known for his cycle of paintings, called the Months, that he created in the mid-sixteenth century. Bruegel’s cycle was inspired by early calendar illustrations in Books of Hours from the International Gothic style. His series depicts the labors of six months. Among the paintings are Dark Day, Hay Harvest and Wheat Harvest. The Wheat Harvest is the most lyrical panel in the series, with its golden hues and heightened atmospheric effects.

The series of the Months was commissioned by the wealthy Antwerp banker Niclaes Jongelinck. His style was influenced by Italian works in Brussels. During the final years of his career, Bruegel changed direction, focusing on the rhythms of peasant dances. His new approach achieved greater spatial integration and heightened atmospheric effects.

The world of Bruegel the Elder is explored in a book, titled Bruegel: Master of Art. The book contains photographs of Bruegel’s work and analyses of his creations. It is the perfect study guide for anyone interested in the Renaissance artist’s style.