A Brief Introduction to Paul Czanne

Whether you are a student of art history or not, you will have to admit that Paul Czanne is one of the most famous artists of the nineteenth century. With his use of color and bold lines, his works are always a delight to look at. His paintings have inspired a whole generation of artists and designers.

Paul Cézanne

Early life

Despite the fact that he was a famous French painter, the early life of Paul Cezanne was not easy. He was born in Aix-en-Provence, France, and had a difficult childhood with a troubled relationship with his father. He died on 22 October 1906. He is buried in the Saint-Pierre Cemetery in Aix-en-Provence.

In the 1850s, Cezanne was very interested in painting. His earliest oils were done in heavy layers of impasto. He painted portraits, still lifes, and landscapes. He studied drawing and painting at the Academie Suisse in Paris. His teacher was the Spanish monk Joseph Gibert.

The Academie Suisse also offered classes in law, which he attended for a year. In 1861, Cezanne moved to Paris, where he became friends with Emile Zola. He also worked in the studio of Claude Monet.

When Cezanne’s father died, he inherited all of his wealth. He used his inheritance to travel to many European countries. He and his wife, Marie-Hortense, began to have problems. They stayed together for several years, but the tension increased when Cezanne’s mother passed away.

Cezanne’s work was very well received. He participated in the inaugural “Societe Anonyme des artistes” exhibition in 1874. He had his first solo show in Paris in 1895.

In the late 1860s, he began to experiment with lighter colours. He also developed the technique of painting in Plein air. He began to use more vibrant and distorted tones in his paintings. He also began to focus on landscapes and portraits.

In 1872, Cezanne settled in Pontoise, France. He met Camille Pissarro. They began to paint together and formed a lasting friendship. They were both influenced by the Impressionist movement. They were often seen painting in Plein air.

In the 1880s, Cezanne moved to southern France. He bought property near Aix in 1901. In his final period, he created the Pyramid of Skulls. During this time, Cezanne also taught Vincent van Gogh how to paint in oils. He also helped create the Postimpressionist movement.

During the late 1860s, Cezanne and his friends began to make a dent in the art world. Some of their paintings were rejected by the public, but some of their works were sold, showing a demand for impressionists.


During the course of his career, Paul Cezanne’s paintings and drawings influenced the development of several contemporary artistic movements. He is known for his still lifes, landscapes, and portraits. He was born in Aix-en-Provence, France, and spent most of his life in the region.

He studied law in Aix-en-Provence and also attended the Academie Suisse. He later decided to study art in Paris. He was a member of the Impressionist movement. During this time, he was friends with other artists including Manet, Pissarro, Renoir, and Claude Monet. He participated in the first official Impressionist exhibition in 1874.

He was married to Marie-Hortense Fiquet, who was a part-time model. Their son, Paul Junior, was born in 1876. When his father died, his wife and son moved to Paris. However, Cezanne returned to Aix-en-Provence.

His works were often criticized and his father insulted him. He was a draft dodger, but did not leave the art world for good. He became a prominent artist in the early 1900s. He was a forefather of the modernist movement. He is now regarded as one of the greatest painters of all time.

A large retrospective exhibition was held after his death. He was buried in the old cemetery in Aix-en-Provence. A significant part of the exhibition included reproductions of his paintings, as well as lesser-known works.

In 1870, Cezanne left Paris and settled in Provence. He became friends with Camille Pissarro, Claude Monet, and Edgar Degas. His friendship with these artists was inhibited by his extreme shyness. He painted a number of landscapes with them, and they worked together in Auvers-sur-Oise.

He rented a hut in the Bibemus Quarries in 1897. In this period, he painted landscapes and bathers. In addition, he also painted portraits of his mother and sister. He was a close friend of Emile Zola.

The French art establishment was beginning to crack. Some critics mocked the impressionist painters. They also criticized Cezanne. He never gave up and had one painting accepted in the official Salon. He had another exhibition in Brussels in 1890.

His works were also exhibited at the Universal Exhibition in 1900. His paintings had their own room in the Salon d’Automne in 1904. He was regarded as the master of the Post-Impressionist movement.

Painting style

During the late 1870s, French painter Paul Cezanne began to experiment with painting using oils. His brushstrokes were smaller, his palette was brighter, and he adopted a looser technique. He developed a style based on the notion of a visual balance of space, light, and color. Unlike Impressionists, Cezanne’s paintings are not characterized by the bright and ephemeral colors of the Impressionist period, but by a deep and enveloping space.

His style became more expressive and dynamic, and he introduced more figurative and landscape paintings into his work. In 1903, he exhibited at the Salon d’Automne for the first time.

He became friends with fellow painters Camille Pissarro and Edouard Manet. He studied with them, and was later introduced to other artists such as Emile Zola. He also taught Vincent van Gogh how to paint in oil. He influenced other French artists such as Renoir and Degas.

Cezanne’s painting style is highly regarded as a precursor to Surrealism. His style was influenced by Romanticism, Realism, and Impressionism. He was a pioneer of modern oil painting. His paintings are found in major museums worldwide. He is regarded as one of the most important French painters of the 20th century.

Cezanne’s paintings were often characterized by the theme of mountains. He was especially interested in the architectural qualities of landscapes. His still lifes were large, and lacked linear perspective. He depicted subjects that were typically surrounded by a white tablecloth. In these paintings, he was able to create a sense of inner balance and harmony.

In addition to landscapes, Cezanne painted portraits. He depicted numerous mysterious portraits of his son. He arranged the subjects in a manner that suggested movement.

He was a member of the Postimpressionist movement, which is characterized by dramatic use of color and subject matter. He traveled to Italy in 1873. He also exhibited at the Salon des Refuses, which is a renowned display of rejected artists.

Cezanne’s style reflects the structural potentials of human form. In his landscapes, he sought to portray the permanent aspects of the world around him.

Relationship with Emile Zola

Despite their differences, Paul Czanne and Emile Zola formed a close friendship. They were schoolmates in Aix-en-Provence in the 1850s. Their friendship was strong and lasting. In fact, they wrote a book about one another.

The story of Cezanne and Zola is often told as a forerunner of cinema. The film “Cezanne and I” focuses on this relationship. Its colors and aesthetics are striking, and it is considered a great work of fiction.

Although Zola and Cezanne have a close friendship, they were not romantically linked. The film focuses on the years they spent together in Aix-en-Provence.

The film opens in 1888, when Cezanne and Zola are middle-aged men. They are working on a project for a large water supply in Aix. They have a young lover, Alexandrine. She is a buxom young woman. She bears Zola two children.

They are both criticized by their peers. Both Cezanne and Zola have to deal with bourgeois comforts. They are also criticized for siding with a corrupt political class. Their physical struggles indicate their vocation.

In the end, they become brothers. Their friendship lasted for fifteen years. They were both drawn to the same artistic style. Their artistic style is said to have influenced Picasso and Matisse.

In 1886, Emile Zola wrote The Masterpiece. He drew upon his memories of Cezanne to write the book. It was published in a slim brochure.

In the novel, Zola portrays Cezanne as an artist who failed to fulfill his potential. He is depicted as a man with a stubborn personality who cannot be convinced of his own ability. He was also bullied by Zola.

In the novel, the relationship between Zola and Cezanne is not shown as a morality tale. Instead, it shows a frank empathy toward a failed genius.

Zola’s novel is an important part of nineteenth-century discourse on creativity. It documents the social transformations of the time. It also provides an insight into the personality of Lantier, the fictional character who represents Cezanne. The character is probably based on Manet.

Although the novel does not show the relationship between the two painters in a positive light, it reveals the struggles of a frustrated artist. In the end, it provides a fascinating glimpse into the life of an artist.