Moshe Sharett was born in Ukraine and emigrated to Palestine with his family in 1906. At the time, Palestine was part of the Ottoman Empire, and Sharett studied law in Constantinople. He later worked as an interpreter in the Ottoman army during World War I. He then attended the London School of Economics, and became active in the Zionist movement. After completing his studies, Sharett returned to Palestine, where he became head of the Jewish Agency. He later became a minister in the state of Israel, and his responsibilities as foreign minister grew.
Moshe Sharett was born on 15 October 1894. His father was a prominent Zionist leader. He served as Israel’s second prime minister between David Ben-Gurion’s first and second terms as president of the State of Israel. As a Zionist leader, Sharett campaigned for the adoption of a partition plan for Palestine by the United Nations. After his inauguration as Prime Minister, Sharett continued Israel’s rapid economic growth and immigration policy. He also sought to stabilize relations with the Arab world. However, he was criticized for his lenient approach to border incursions by Arabs. Following his resignation as foreign minister, Sharett went on to become chairman of the World Zionist Organization.
Sharett’s path to the prime minister’s office was not as difficult as Ben-Gurion’s. Sharett, however, was criticized as weak and cowardly by the Israeli mainstream. However, his first term as ‘number one’ was promising, as he skillfully navigated the shoals of candidacy. He eventually created a broad coalition and a solid cabinet. This allowed him to win over a wide spectrum of the Israeli polity, and he was welcomed by a large segment of the population. Moreover, ten of his cabinet members were moderates.
Moshe Sharett was born in Ukraine and emigrated to Israel in 1906. His parents were early Zionists, and were active in the BILU movement. In 1890, his family settled in the Land of Israel and moved there permanently in 1906. He studied law in Istanbul, and served as an Ottoman officer during World War I. He later became head of the political department of the Jewish Agency and served as its second prime minister between 1954 and 1955. His term was preceded and succeeded by the prime ministership of David Ben-Gurion.
Moshe Sharett was a leader in the Zionist movement and was its chief negotiator and ambassador to the United Nations. He supported the Ben-Gurion strategy of organizing “illegal” mass immigration, and played an instrumental role in mobilizing international support for the November 1947 United Nations Partition Plan and Israel’s admission to the UN. After becoming Israel’s first Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sharett was responsible for maintaining Israel’s rapid economic development and immigration policy, and attempting to stabilize relations with the Arab world. However, he was often criticized for his lenient response to Palestinian border incursions, and the conflict between Ben-Gurion and Sharett eventually led to Sharett’s resignation. He later became chairman of the World Zionist Organization.
In 1949, Sharett was elected to the Knesset as a member of the first government of Israel. He was the Minister of Foreign Affairs and a member of the first cabinet. On 10 March 1949, Israel signed an armistice with Lebanon and with Transjordan. Meanwhile, at international negotiations hosted by Britain, Sharett’s team forged a deal that resulted in Israel’s withdrawal from Southern Lebanon and the establishment of the State of Israel. Sharett and his emissaries had the sway to negotiate peace and treaty with Iraq. The Treaty was drafted by Dr. Ralph Bunche and shared with the UN. He was later awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work.
After World War I, the Zionist movement sought to purchase land in the Arab world. It succeeded in obtaining some land in the Golan Heights, but the Arabs and population opposed the settlements. Syria’s government and population fought against the Jews’ claim to their land. By 1948, Israel was a British Mandate and Jews were displaced from their land.
Moshe Sharett was born in Russia and immigrated to Palestine with his family in 1906. After studying law in Constantinople, he subsequently joined the Ottoman army and fought in World War I. Moshe then went on to study at the London School of Economics. Afterwards, he returned to Palestine and became involved in the Jewish Agency, eventually becoming its head. Sharett also served in the first cabinet of Israel, becoming Israel’s first foreign minister.
Sharett’s guiding political principles remained consistent throughout his life, including a dedication to serving the Yishuv. His extensive knowledge of foreign languages and impressive intellect made him a formidable political figure. He was also a “workaholic,” often involved in every major political issue of the day.
Moshe Sharett was first elected to the Knesset in the first Israeli election. He served as Foreign Minister for two years, succeeding Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion. During his tenure as foreign minister, Sharett oversaw the nation’s rapid economic development and immigration policy, and tried to normalize relations with the Arab world. Although critics were critical of his policies, he later became chairman of the World Zionist Organization (WZO) and continued to advocate for Israeli-Arab relations.
Sharett served as Israel’s Foreign Minister from December 1953 until November 1955. However, his tenure as Foreign Minister ended abruptly when Ben-Gurion regained the premiership. He spent the remainder of his career on a diplomatic tour in East Asia, before retiring from public life.
Moshe Sharett was born in Ukraine as Moshe Shertok. His parents were Zionists, and his family emigrated to Palestine in the early 1880s. Sharett studied law at the London School of Economics, and joined the Ahdut ha-Avodah and Mapai (Israel Workers’ Party). Sharett became active in Poalei Zion and was a member of the Histadrut labor federation. He later served in the Turkish army during World War I.
Sharett was born in Harsson, Russia, and emigrated to Palestine in 1906 with his family. They settled in the Arab village of Ein Sinya, near Nablus, and he spent time learning Arabic from the local elders. He eventually moved to Tel Aviv in 1908 and entered the Hertselyah High School.
Sharett, who was twenty years old when the war began, was the author of many anti-Israel pamphlets. In his pamphlets, he urged the use of force to ethnically cleanse the Palestinian people and establish the State of Israel. This is the defining issue of the Palestinian struggle today – not the disputed territories or settlements. Sharett’s work has shaped Israeli policy.
In the late 1940s, Menachem Begin, the Israeli Foreign Minister, advocated the use of force to ethnically clean and dispossess the Palestinian people. His infamous speech on the issue was broadcast on Israeli television. It was condemned by the world.
Sharett’s diary also provides a fascinating portrait of the Israeli government’s “Arab policy” in the late 1940s. He documents deliberate Israeli acts of provocation aimed at creating hostility and pretexts for armed action and territorial expansion. The diary also exposes the myths about Israel’s “security needs” and the “Arab threat.”
Sharett’s Diary documents his entire political life in Israel and his personal life. He was a staunch critic of European anti-Semitism, but he also advocated the use of force to ethnically clean and dispossess the Palestinian people. It is interesting to note that he was writing his diary half a century before the Holocaust. He even identified one of his collaborators as a conspirator against him.
Sharett’s quotes were extracted from published books, personal diaries, and declassified Israeli government documents. His calls for large-scale violence were not just based on the moral superiority doctrine, but also on the calculation of the costs of a people. In the case of the Palestinians, Israel is faced with a similar dilemma. It will have to feed and care for a population of millions of Palestinians.
Moshe Sharett was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, who served as Israel’s second prime minister and a member of the Provisional Government. He also served as Israel’s first foreign minister, and during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, he served as an interpreter for the Ottoman Army. Sharett lived in London from 1922 to 1931, and later became head of the Jewish Agency. Sharett was a member of the first cabinet and served as a signatory to Israel’s Declaration of Independence.
Sharett studied law in Istanbul and joined the Turkish army in World War I as an interpreter. Later, he worked as a representative of the Labor Party in the Socialist International, and served as a chair of Beit Berl College. He also became chairman of the World Zionist Organization and the Jewish Agency. Sharett died in 1965, at the age of 71.
After Ben-Gurion announced his retirement from politics in January 1954, Sharett was chosen to succeed him. He served as Prime Minister until November 1955, and then as Foreign Minister until June 1956. The declaration is still a source of controversy and still retains its power today. Moshe Sharett’s draft of the Declaration of Independence was too long and full of literary turns of phrase, which most everyday Hebrew speakers did not understand.
Moshe Sharett was elected to the Knesset in the first Israeli election in 1949, and later as Minister of Foreign Affairs. He served in the first government and was part of the cabinet when, on 10 March 1949, Israel signed an armistice with Lebanon. While the armistice with Lebanon was in progress, international negotiations were held on the Greek island of Rhodes. At the end of the negotiations, Sharett’s emissaries negotiated with Transjordan and later shifted the border to Iraq. He was later awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for this work.
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