A Guide to the Life and Works of Leonardo Da Vinci

Throughout his lifetime, Leonardo Da Vinci had a very varied career, spanning from being an artist and sculptor, to being an architect and engineer. He was a great polymath, and is known for a range of inventions and paintings.

Leonardo Da Vinci


During the Renaissance period, Leonardo da Vinci was a famous painter, inventor and scientist. His works are well-known today through reproductions of his paintings and sketches. There are also several resources for learning about the life and works of Leonardo da Vinci.

The life and works of Leonardo da Vinci are often confusing to the general public. Some of his major achievements are not known by many, while others may not have been completed. In fact, some of his paintings were never finished. Despite these limitations, it is possible to obtain an overall view of his life.

Leonardo was born outside of Florence, Italy in a hamlet called Anchiano. His parents were unmarried at the time of his birth. His mother Caterina was a young peasant woman. She married an artisan shortly after her son was born.

During his early years, Leonardo was not taught much. He was taught basic reading, writing and mathematics. He also studied metalworking, painting and sculpture. In his early teens, he apprenticed with the Italian artist Andrea del Verrocchio. He became a member of the Guild of Saint Luke at age 20.

In his early adulthood, Leonardo worked in Rome. He received two important commissions. He painted the Virgin of the Rocks for the Confraternity of the Immaculate Conception and the Adoration of the Magi for the Monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie. His third work, The Battle of Anghiari, was commissioned by the Duke of Milan. It was to be a life-size statue. However, he was only able to complete the first half of the work.

Leonardo remained in Rome for three years. He then went to France for three years. His travels brought him into contact with Francesco Melzi, a son of a Lombard aristocrat. In this period, Leonardo began his anatomical studies. His scientific observations are contained in his handwritten manuscripts.

At the end of his life, Leonardo lived in Amboise, one of the royal residences of the Loire valley. He died in 1519. He was buried in the Collegiate Church of Saint Florentin at the Chateau d’Amboise.


Known as the leading light in the Italian Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci was a painter and sculptor, and an engineer. His paintings are considered masterpieces, and his influence on generations of thinkers and scientists is obvious. Some of his paintings, such as the Vitruvian Man, revolutionized anatomical understanding of human proportions.

During his apprenticeship, Leonardo learned about other disciplines and became proficient in several artistic and technical disciplines. These skills helped him progress in his career, and he began to use his own ideas in his work. He later incorporated other discoveries from science into his works, and became one of the most innovative and influential artists of all time.

While his early paintings were traditional, he soon started to experiment with new techniques, and his style changed slowly. He also drew inspiration from outside painting. He added landscapes and naturalistic backgrounds to his paintings. His unique placement of key figures in his works and his innovative use of perspective helped him break new ground in Italian art.

His first painting, Landscape Drawing for Santa Maria della Neve, is a clear example of his artistic style. The Arno River valley is shown with rolling hills and mountains in the background.

His paintings depict religious scenes. He is especially known for his paintings of the Madonna and Child. These were the most common commissions for the era. He was also known for his secular portraits of private individuals. His style evolved in his final years, and he produced more works.

His paintings are covered in unparalleled detail. He experimented with perspective, color, and lighting to make his works appear more realistic. He also inserted the natural world into his religious scenes. For instance, the orb in his painting was so skillfully drawn that it could only have been done by him.

He was also known for his smiles. Many of his paintings feature a smiling figure, and his biographer noted that the smile was a key part of his genius.

During his formative years, Leonardo worked with Andrea del Verrocchio, who was a master of the studio. Together they painted several works, including Christ and John the Baptist. He worked with other artists, too, and he continued to develop his painting skills.


During the 15th century, Leonardo Da Vinci was a renowned inventor. He was often called upon to design sculptures and weapons for the royal courts of Europe. His designs included an armoured vehicle and a flying machine. Several of his inventions are still used today. Some are experimental ideas while others were commissioned projects.

During the 1480s, Leonardo designed the aerial screw, which is now called a helicopter. He also invented a self-propelled cart that could be programmed to make turns. He used a variety of materials to construct his designs. Some of his models did not work, however. Those that did were modified to work properly.

In the 1970s, a sketchbook of da Vinci’s robotics sketches was discovered. The book was clad in Italian-German medieval armor. The drawings inside contained several designs for an aerial screw. This device would be powered by a screw that would push air against water. The resulting force would be measured using an anemometer.

Another of his inventions was a mechanical knight. The knight was described as being clad in medieval German-Italian armour. It had an anatomically correct jaw and arms that were independently adjustable. It was capable of sitting and standing, and could move its arms to raise and lower its visor.

Leonardo’s armoured vehicle was made from wood and armed with a variety of light cannons. It was designed to be operated by four men. There were many changes to the original design. These changes improved the efficiency of the vehicle and made it more accurate.

A conical parachute was also designed by da Vinci. The chute was about seven metres long. The wooden poles were shaped like a pyramid and held the linen cloth that made up the parachute open. This was a unique design as it was not like the modern parachute.

One of the most famous of da Vinci’s inventions is his helical ariel screw. This device is used in helicopters and various forms of aviation. He designed it for Duke Sforza of Milan, and it was a commissioned project. The invention was redesigned in the 19th century, and it is still used in aircraft.


During the Renaissance, Leonardo Da Vinci was a prominent artist. His awe-inspiring works are widely admired throughout the ages. However, it’s important to understand that he was not the only one to pursue a career in art. While Leonardo specialized in painting, he was also an engineer and designer of weapons. He also conceived hundreds of inventions.

Commissions for Leonardo Da Vinci ranged from large murals for aristocrats to military designs for the Duke of Milan. He also drew siege equipment and complex defense systems. He was known to study human anatomy and botany.

The famous Adoration of the Magi was a painting that Leonardo made around 1482. It is now in the Louvre. It was for the Palazzo della Signoria and the church of San Donato in Scopeto. Originally, it was to be an altarpiece for the church. But the client was unhappy with the work, and he decided to give it up.

Another notable painting is the Virgin of the Rocks (also known as the Madonna of the Rocks). This work was commissioned by the Confraternity of the Immaculate Conception. It was also a part of a large altarpiece for a church in Milan.

In the 15th century, the lamb was a recurring icon for Jesus. It symbolized his ultimate destiny as a lamb of God. Traditionally, the painting had been positioned to the left of the Virgin and Christ child. In the actual composition, the dark line on the left side of Mary’s shawl remains incomplete.

Although some artists accept commissions, others have little interest in them. They may be too busy with another piece of art, or they don’t feel they’re a good fit. If you’re thinking of commissioning an artist, you should explain why you think the work is important.

Leonardo Da Vinci’s public humiliation may have played a role in the artist’s abandonment of many of his commissions. His reputation was damaged when he was charged with sodomy in 1481. After a short time, the charges were dropped. His reputation was further damaged when he was not chosen to paint the Sistine Chapel.