The Paintings of Giorgio De Chirico

Throughout the years, Giorgio De Chirico has created some of the most impressive paintings ever made. As a master of both the surrealist style and the impressionist technique, he is one of the most important artists of the 20th century. In this article, we will look at his life, his painting style, and the influence he had on a new school of Italian painters in the 1980s.

Giorgio De Chirico

Early life

During his early life, Giorgio De Chirico lived in Greece and Italy. His father was a railroad engineer, and his mother was a Genoese noblewoman. He was influenced by the classical past, and read many philosophers. In 1905, the family moved to Germany, where he studied art at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. He also had a brief stay in Milan before moving to Florence.

In 1908, de Chirico painted his first paintings. They consisted of motionless cityscapes and bright Mediterranean towns. He also produced portraits and landscapes. These early works showed a lack of anatomical expertise, and a lack of interest in technique. He later changed his style, and became more concerned with pictorial technique.

In 1917, the war broke out, and de Chirico was sent to a military hospital in Ferrara. He continued to work on his paintings while he was in the hospital. After his recovery, he had a solo exhibition in New York and London. He also published Hebdomeros, a novel which served as a literary complement to his Metaphysical artworks.

In 1909, de Chirico began painting in a metaphysical style. In this style, he tried to infuse ordinary reality with mythology. He attempted to create paintings which would evoke haunted moods. He worked with a variety of mediums, and experimented with abstracted mathematical instruments. He called his works the “Metaphysical Town Square” series.

He was appointed a member of the Royal Society of British Artists in 1948. He was also a regular exhibitor at the Venice Biennale. He was known to have been an antagonist of modern art. In the early 1920s, de Chirico began creating a series of works that centered on anti-modern concepts.


Among the most important figures in twentieth century art, Giorgio de Chirico’s paintings evoke the moods of a haunting and mysterious world. His work, especially his early career paintings, feature melancholy color schemes, architectural views, and motionless figures.

In the early years of his career, De Chirico created uncanny images of piazzas and courtyards. He also painted mannequins and store windows. In 1924, he worked on drawings for a play by Luigi Pirandello. In 1929, he published his first novel, Hebdomeros. The book was a literary supplement to his metaphysical artworks.

In the 1920s, De Chirico had a renewed faith in artisanship. He also produced lithographs for the poetry collection of Apollinaire. He also wrote articles on craftsmanship and restoration of traditional artistic modes.

Throughout his lifetime, De Chirico made many contributions to the contemporary art scene. He was an important influence on Salvador Dali and Andre Breton, and he was a founding member of the Scuola Metafisica. In 1982, he was a subject of a major exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art.

In the mid-1920s, De Chirico began painting geometric constructions in indoor settings. His use of abstracted mathematical instruments in these works showed a debt to Cubism.

In the 1910s, De Chirico used a method that emphasized juxtaposing the past and the present, producing dramatic effects. He also developed an uncanny figuration that was reminiscent of classical painters. He incorporated elements from Greek mythology into his work. In particular, Ariadne, the Cretan princess, appears in seven paintings.

In addition to his paintings, De Chirico also wrote novels. He was a friend of Braque and Soffici. He also had a strong influence on Surrealists.

Relationship with Volos

During his childhood, Giorgio de Chirico developed an interest in Greek mythology. His early works were primarily cityscapes with motionless figures. In his later paintings, Classical and Neo-Baroque elements are present. However, the artist’s primary theme was Greek mythology.

De Chirico’s interest in mythology led to his later metaphysical style. He sought to create an atmosphere in his art that would evoke enigmatic feelings. He believed that the muses prompted artists to explore the metaphysical realms of existence.

He began his career in Munich, then moved to Paris and then to Florence. His work was widely exhibited in Europe during the 1920s. His enigmatic works inspired the Surrealist movement in the 1910s. He died in Rome on November 19, 1978. His works are now displayed in the most important museums in the world. He is the most relevant figure of the twentieth century.

Although he was mentally ill during the first years of the war, he continued his work. He co-founded a Metaphysical painting school with Carlo Carra. They published articles on Metaphysical art in Valori Plastici, Falciano, and Maretti Editore. His work was also published in The Journal of Metaphysical Art.

His paintings are often characterized by elongated shadows. His enigmatic images relate to the suspension of time. His original style was a result of his deep philosophical culture. It combined Symbolist sensibility with classical antiquities. The paintings are also famous for their multiple vanishing points. His use of ancient sculpture in modern cityscapes and his fascination with technology are examples of his innovative style.

The work of Giorgio de Chirico continues to influence artists around the world. He was a visionary original artist who connected mythological Greece to Nordic thought. His enigmatic paintings evoke hidden meanings in everyday life.

Influence of Surrealism

During the first decade of the 20th century, Giorgio de Chirico was a key influence on the Surrealist movement. He is considered one of the founders of metaphysical art, which uses a blend of classical and mythological imagery to create works that are dreamlike and ambiguous. He was a major inspiration for Salvador Dali and René Magritte. In the later part of his career, de Chirico shifted his style to include Renaissance art and Neo-Baroque elements.

In the early years of his career, de Chirico’s paintings were disorienting and haunting. He used ancient mythological figures and landscapes, creating images that pull the viewer into an unfamiliar world. These works inspired other artists such as Max Ernst and Alfred Hitchcock. In the late 1960s and 1970s, de Chirico began pursuing miniature bronze sculptures. In the 1980s, his work began to attract attention from more contemporary art audiences.

In 1909, de Chirico began developing a new painting style, which would become known as Metaphysical painting. He was interested in Greek and Roman mythology. In his art, he tried to create moods that mimiced mental manifestations, such as nostalgia and waiting. He tried to incorporate German philosophers such as Arthur Schopenhauer and Friedrich Nietzsche into his paintings. He was influenced by the writings of these philosophers and attempted to relate their ideas to his art.

When de Chirico reemerged from his psychiatric hospital in Milan in March 1910, he returned to his home in Italy. He met Carlo Carra, a Metaphysical painter, and the two began discussing Metaphysical art.

In 1919, de Chirico held his first solo exhibition. After that, he continued to paint at his military hospital in Ferrara. In 1929, he published his sole novel, Hebdomeros, which was a literary supplement to his Metaphysical artworks.

Influence on a new school of famous Italian painters in the 1980s

During the 1980s, a new generation of Italian painters were influenced by the works of Giorgio De Chirico. His paintings of old town squares and deserted beaches evoked the dreamlike world of the mind. Unlike the avant-garde of the early 20th century, de Chirico was more conservative, but he still had a great impact on the development of surrealist art in the 1980s.

The early works of de Chirico are known for their use of myths and legends. However, after the artist began to focus on technical methods of the Italian classical tradition, the mystery of his paintings diminished.

In the 1920s, de Chirico began to work in a more traditional style, incorporating the style of the Old Masters. He sought to infuse the paintings with moods like nostalgia and waiting. He also advocated the return of iconography and the use of old techniques.

De Chirico’s works were often criticized by critics, but they were considered major influences on the Surrealist movement of the late 1920s and 1930s. His later works were viewed as less sophisticated than his earlier works, but he continued to produce prolific paintings into his eighties. His works are dotted with out-of-scale objects and architectural scales are deliberately warped. The “Metaphysical Town Square” series was his most popular series.

He joined the Italian army in 1915, and was stationed in Ferrara. In 1917, he met Carlo Carra. They discussed Metaphysical art and a scuola metafisica (Metaphysical School) was formed. The scuola metafisica art movement grew rapidly in Italy at the start of the twentieth century, and was profoundly influential on the surrealist movement.

After the First World War, de Chirico moved to Rome, where he exhibited his paintings. His breakthrough came in 1919, when he started to paint in a more classical style. His style drew on his lifelong interest in architecture.