Domenikos Theotokopoulos El Greco

Originally from Greece, the artist Domenikos Theotokopoulos El Greco came to Spain to become a master painter. He was commissioned to paint major works, including The Assumption of the Virgin, The Christ Carrying the Cross, and Votive Pictures. He was also awarded numerous medals. His works have been exhibited around the world and are owned by many important museums.

Domenikos Theotokopoulos · El Greco

Early years

During the early years of El Greco’s career, his paintings were considered works of madmen. His style was so radical that many painters of his generation did not accept it. However, his works became increasingly recognized in the early 20th century. He left over 130 books of his work and an annotated Vasari book at his death.

El Greco was born in Crete, Greece, in 1541. His father was a tax collector and he was raised by a wealthy merchant family. He studied painting under Titian in Venice and became a Venetian citizen. He also spent a considerable amount of time in Rome and Toledo.

When he was thirty-five, El Greco left Venice for Spain, where he worked as a painter. He was commissioned to make statues of famous religious establishments. In addition, he produced many religious works, such as the Dormition of the Virgin. His style emphasized the emotions and the physical likeness of his sitters. His art was highly controversial and he was outspoken in his criticism of other artists.

He was a great master of the Italian Renaissance and his works have become a classic of post-Byzantine art. His style is characterized by foreshortened perspective and intense colours. His style is a precursor to Expressionism and Cubism. His paintings, in particular, depict tortured figures.

After a while, he moved to Rome, where he was influenced by Michelangelo and other Italian Renaissance painters. His work focuses on religious subjects, but his style stretches beyond the norms of classical art.

Major commissions

Throughout his career, Domenikos Theotokopoulos – also known as El Greco – produced many major commissions for the church. Born in Candia, Crete, he had an early education in art and languages. He was trained in icon painting and alter pieces for local Orthodox churches. In 1568, he traveled to Venice to study western art with Titian.

In Italy, El Greco was influenced by the work of Michelangelo, Titian, and Tintoretto. His style is Venetian Renaissance, and his technique is characterized by a manipulation of contrasts and intensity of colour. He is particularly noted for his elongated figures and compressed space.

After spending some time in Venice, El Greco settled in Spain. He was a prolific painter, and made a home in Toledo. He received several major commissions for the church and monastery.

He was closely associated with various writers and scholars. His paintings are signed in Greek capital letters. He was influenced by a number of artists, including Titian, Michelangelo, and Rubens. He also drew on the Mannerists’ rejection of static beauty and ideals of harmonious proportion. He used a dynamic expressionist approach, and filtered his expression through a prolific imagination.

He studied figural construction and perspective, and drew from Italian and Byzantine traditions. He also developed a unique style, which combined elements of the Renaissance and Mannerists. He also studied the art of Raphael.

His best known works include the Opening of the Fifth Seal, and View of Toledo. He painted several chapels and monasteries simultaneously. His works have an unmistakable sense of idealism.

Assumption of the Virgin

During the 16th century, El Greco painted his Assumption of the Virgin on an altarpiece for a church in Toledo, Spain. It was a part of a nine-piece series of paintings and was one of the first works commissioned by the church. Having moved to Spain, El Greco emphasized religious themes. He continued to work in Spain for the remainder of his life.

El Greco’s technique is characterized by an intense palette of colours. He incorporates reds, yellows, greens and blues to suggest forms and convey spiritual fervor to the viewer.

In addition to the intensity of the colours, El Greco uses a double perspective. His figures twist and gesture dramatically. The painting is divided into spheres – the earthly and the heavenly – and is separated by a field of clouds.

Assumption of the Virgin is painted on an oil on canvas panel measuring 158 3/4 by 83 inches. It is in the Art Institute of Chicago’s permanent collection.

El Greco’s signature is painted in Greek at the lower right. The Assumption of the Virgin is a perfect example of the artist’s unique style. It is one of the few originals from his career to live in North America.

The Assumption of the Virgin depicts the Catholic belief that the Virgin Mary is taken to heaven at the end of her earthly life. The painting is surrounded by the Trinity and an Adoration of Shepherds.

Christ Carrying the Cross

Among the most recognizable of El Greco paintings is Christ Carrying the Cross. This medium-sized oil painting measures 41 x 31 inches. It is currently on display in the New York art collection.

The subject of this painting was inspired by a passage in the Bible. According to the narrative, Christ carried the cross to his death.

The cross is the best-known symbol of Christianity. It symbolizes victory over death. It also provided an identity for Christians.

Christ Carrying the Cross is a devotional work by El Greco. He wanted to evoke a soul’s attention to the suffering of Christ. He also used a non-naturalist style of painting. In this painting, Jesus is portrayed in a portrait format.

He is wearing a traditional red tunic and blue robes. He also holds a cross with both hands. His hands have elegant proportions and pearly nails are firmly modelled. The crown of thorns on his head has intricate woven branches with small shoots.

The composition of the painting is similar to that of Sebastiano del Piombo. The dark background of the painting is contrasted by the light that plays across the picture.

The painting was listed in El Greco’s inventory of his assets. It was also published as a 17th century copy. The painting is now on display in the El Greco room of the New York art collection.

Votive pictures

During the Renaissance, El Greco traveled to Venice and Rome. His style was influenced by the works of Tintoretto, Titian, and Michelangelo. He produced a series of religious works, which are known for their religious motifs and expressionistic style.

In Spain, El Greco received a number of important commissions. He also painted votive pictures, including St. Jerome, St. Peter in Tears, and St. Francis. He also painted several portraits of contemporary Toledoans.

He was born in Crete, Greece, in 1541. He was a painter, sculptor, and architect. He had a deep interest in Byzantine art and iconography. He studied under Titian and Tintoretto. After completing his studies, he settled in Toledo, Spain. He was an accomplished portrait painter. He also produced many statues for religious institutions in Spain. He signed his paintings in Greek letters.

He had an unorthodox career path. In the early years, he produced a series of religious works for local religious foundations. In the late 1580s, he established a successful artistic practice. He painted several versions of his most famous compositions. His depiction of the Crucifixion is unique. He also produced an altarpiece containing Annunciation (Villanueva y Geltr), Adoration of the Shepherds (Bucharest), and Baptism of Christ (Madrid).

He worked for the Church of Santo Domingo in Toledo. In 1586, he completed The Burial of the Count of Orgaz, which is one of the greatest paintings of all time. It was commissioned by Andres Nunez.


During the 300th anniversary of the death of Domenikos Theotokopoulos, El Greco was a subject of a lot of interest. This artist is known for his artistic style and for his religious subjects. His works influenced many artists and cubists.

He painted many masterpieces in Toledo, Spain, the old imperial capital of Spain. He also had a large library, which included books in Greek and Latin. His collection included the Bible, architectural treatises by Marcus Vitruvius Pollio, and numerous other books. He also had annotations in the margins of his books.

He was born in Crete in 1541. In his early years, he was an icon painter. In Rome, he met Castilian noblemen who encouraged him to move to Toledo, Spain, where he would become El Greco.

In his early twenties, El Greco was a pupil of Titian, a great painter of the time. The painter later became his patron and friend.

During his lifetime, he traveled to Venice and Rome. His work reflects Mannerism, which emphasizes the artist’s imagination and the reproduction of nature.

El Greco moved to Spain in his thirties. He began to master fundamental Renaissance painting techniques. He was influenced by the work of Titian and Tintoretto. He also studied the works of Michelangelo.

He was a master of perspective and anatomy. He was also skilled at constructing figures. He always signed his paintings in Greek.